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cars: GAZ-21I «Volga»

Passenger capacity: 5 persons
Dimensions (length Х width Х height), mm: 4810 x 1800 x 1620
Kind of the engine and its volume: 4 cylinders, 2432 cm3
Engine power: 65 h. p.
Fuel consumption: 9 L / 100 km
Maximum speed: 130 km/h
Почтовая марка

See also:   motor cycle

Since October, 1956 Gorki car factory began manufacturing of new model of the passenger car GAZ-21 «Volga». The car was held on the conveyor for 14 years being repeatedly modernized. This term is not exclusive and is not connected to technical perfection of a design. «Volga» having been made caused amazement by its construction. It had so unusual her sight. Its lines, fresh decorative elements put it in one line with foreign models. Not without reason GAZ-21 was marked by a gold medal at an exhibition in Brussels, but by 1970 all this came to naught.

Very strong and durable body, the reliable engine, soft suspension and comfortable passenger compartment represented the successful compromise between European and American schools of designing. The car appeared universal and successfully worked in the hardest conditions of a taxi. Innovations consisted of bent frontal and rear glasses, rotor type door locks and the hydraulic drive gear of clutch. Since 1956 till midpoint of 1957 «Volga» was made in parallel with «Victory», then completely superseded it from the conveyor. Interestingly that some quantity of «21» was manufactured with an automatic gear-boxes, but because of low reliability such boxes were replaced with more reliable manual gear-boxes. Since 1962 on «Volga» chassis with a body a sedan cars with universal bodies were made, and the sedans written off from motor-vehicle pools altered in pickup trucks and by that occupied this empty niche in our automotive industry.

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